Why Dhamu And Company NRI Services
Dhamu And Company NRI service caters to overseas investors who want to cash in on the present boom in the Indian real estate market. We very well understand that as an NRI you have different preferences accounting to your own set standards that require due diligence. Working on these lines we offer you a range of customized and professional services including:
- Residential Services : Access to the best offer in the residential segment which includes luxury apartments and homes, retirement homes, condominiums, penthouses, villas, etc
- Commercial Services :Best deals in corporate office spaces and retail mall spaces according to your investment portfolio.
- Client Property Management : Our Property Management Services are designed to bring to NRIs the benefits from India properties without the hassle. We help you get the best from your investment by taking care of all the paperwork at the time of purchase and maintenance thereafter. We arrange to let out your property for regular rental income. This includes
- Management of Leasing
- Guidance on Financial services: will guide you to avail the best deal on home loans and home insurance in India.
Information for NRIs Regarding Buying Property in India
WHO IS A NRI OR A PIO?
A Non Resident Indian (NRI) is a person of Indian origin but not residing in India.
Under the Income Tax Act to be assessed as a "resident", an individual should fulfill either of the two conditions:
- He should have been present in India in the previous year for at least 182 days. This period of 182 days need not be continuous.
- He should have been in India for at least 365 days in the preceding four years and he stayed in India for not less than 60 days in the previous year in consideration.
All those persons who are not 'residents' are called 'Non Residents'.
For the purpose of transfer of immovable property a Person of Indian Origin (PIO) origin' means an individual (not being a citizen of Pakistan or Bangladesh or Sri Lanka or Afghanistan or China or Iran or Nepal or Bhutan) who fulfils any of the conditions given below:
- He has held an Indian passport or;
- He or either of his parents or any of his grand-parents was a citizen of India by virtue of the Constitution of India or the Citizenship Act, 1955 (57 of 1955); or
- The person is a spouse of an Indian citizen or a person referred to in sub-clause (a) or (b).
Rules relating to NRI / PIO investment in real estate have been considerably liberalized and simplified. Foreign citizens of Indian origin (PIOs) have been permitted to invest without the need to obtain approval from the Reserve Bank of India. With the passage of FEMA, the power to effect repatriation proceeds has been decentralized and delegated to authorized foreign exchange dealers. What is more, even the rental income can be repatriated now. It makes sense for NRIs now to earmark a portion of their investment portfolio in real estate and earn competitive return on investment.
In exercise of the powers conferred by clause (i) of sub-section (3) of Section 6, subsection.
OVERSEAS CORPORATE BODY (OCB)
Overseas corporate body means
- Companies, partnership firms, societies and other corporate bodies
- Owned, directly or indirectly,
- To the extent of at least 60% by individuals of Indian nationality or origin resident outside India as also overseas trusts in which at least 60% of the beneficial interest is irrevocably held by such persons.
The various facilities granted to NRIs are also available, with certain exceptions, to OCBs so long as the ownership/beneficial interest held in them by persons of Indian nationality/origin resident outside India continues to be at or above the level of 60%
FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT - FDI NORMS IN REAL ESTATE
FDI provides for 100% foreign participation by NRI/OCB's in housing and real estate development sector in following areas:
- Development of serviced plots and construction of residential premises
- Construction of residential and business premises including business centres and offices
- Development of townships
- City and urban infrastructure facilities
- Manufacture of building material
- Participatory ventures in all of the above
- Investment in housing finance institutions
ACQUISITION OF PROPERTY IN INDIA BY AN NRI:
A person resident outside India who is a citizen of India mayacquire any immovable property in India other than agricultural/plantation/farm house.
TRANSFER OF PROPERTY IN INDIA BY AN NRI:
A person resident outside India who is a citizen of India may -
- Transfer any immovable property in India to a person resident in India.
- Transfer any immovable property other than agricultural or plantation property or farmhouse to a person resident outside India who is a citizen of India or to a person of Indian origin resident outside India.
ACQUISITION OF PROPERTY IN INDIA BY A PERSON OF INDIAN ORIGIN
A person of Indian origin resident outside India may -
- Acquire any immovable property other than agricultural land/farm house/ plantation property in India by purchase, from out of
- Funds received in India by way of inward remittance from any place outside India or
- Funds held in any non-resident account maintained in accordance with the provisions of the Act and the regulations made by the Reserve Bank under the Act.
- Acquire any immovable property in India other than agricultural land / farm house /plantation property by way of gift from a person resident in India or from a person resident outside India who is a citizen of India or from a person of Indian origin resident outside India
- Acquire any immovable property in India by way of inheritance from a person resident outside India who had acquired such property in accordance with the provisions of the foreign exchange law in force at the time of acquisition by him or the provisions of these Regulations or from a person resident in India
- It is necessary for a PIO to purchase property through NRE or NRO accounts.
TRANSFER OF PROPERTY IN INDIA BY A PERSON OF INDIAN ORIGIN
A person of Indian origin resident outside India may -
- Transfer any immovable property in India other than agricultural land/farm house/plantation property, by way of sale to a person resident in India
- Transfer agricultural land/farm house/ plantation property in India, by way of gift or sale to a person resident in India who is a citizen of India
- Transfer residential or commercial property in India by way of gift to a person resident in India or to a person resident outside India who is a citizen of India or to a person of Indian Origin resident outside India.
- Transfer an immovable property being agricultural land or plantation property or farmhouse in India by way of a gift or sale to a person resident in India without any permission from the RBI provided that the purchaser is a resident as well as a citizen of India.
ACQUISITION OF IMMOVABLE PROPERTY FOR CARRYING ON A PERMITTED ACTIVITY:-
A person resident outside India who has established in India in accordance with the Foreign Exchange Management (Establishment in India of Branch or Office or other Place of Business) Regulations, 2000, a branch, office or other place of business for carrying on in India any activity, excluding a liaison office, may -
- Acquire any immovable property in India, which is necessary for or incidental to carrying on such activity; Provided that
- all applicable laws, rules, regulations or directions for the time being in force are duly complied with; and
- the person files with the Reserve Bank a declaration in the form IPI annexed to these regulations, not later than ninety days from the date of such acquisition
- Transfer by way of mortgage to an authorised dealer as a security for any borrowing, the immovable property acquired in pursuance of clause (a).
REPATRIATION OF SALE PROCEEDS:-
- A person referred to in sub-section (5) of Section 6 of the Act, or his successor shall not, except with the prior permission of the Reserve Bank, repatriate outside India the sale proceeds of any immovable property referred to in that sub-section
- In the event of sale of immovable property other than agricultural land/farm house/plantation property in India by a person resident outside India who is a citizen of India (NRI) or a person of Indian origin (PIO), the authorised dealer may allow repatriation of the sale proceeds outside India, provided the following conditions are satisfied, namely
- The immovable property was acquired by the seller in accordance with the provisions of the foreign exchange law in force at the time of acquisition by him or the provisions of these Regulations
- The amount to be repatriated does not exceed
- The amount paid for acquisition of the immovable property in foreign exchange received through normal banking channels or out of funds held in Foreign Currency Non-Resident Account or
- The foreign currency equivalent ,as on the date of payment, of the amount paid where such payment was made from the funds held in Non-Resident External account for acquisition of the property.
- In the case of residential property, the repatriation of sale proceeds is restricted to not more than two such properties.
- In the case of the sale of an immovable property, other than an agricultural land/farm house/ plantation property in India by an NRI or PIO, repatriation of the sale proceeds outside India (including credit to RFC, NRE or FCNR Accounts), is allowed.
- Sale proceeds of any immovable property inherited by NRI/PIO from a person resident in India may be remitted abroad but the amount not to exceed USD one million, per calendar year subject to production of documentary evidence in support of inheritance and Tax clearance certificate/no objection certificate from Income Tax authority to authorized dealer for remittances.
- The RBI has also now permitted authorized dealers to allow the facility of repatriation of funds by NRI/PIO in their Non-resident Ordinary Rupee (NRO) Account up to US $ 1,00,000 per year representing the sale proceeds of the immovable property held by them for a period of not less than 10 years subject to payment of the applicable taxes.
Prohibition on acquisition or transfer of immovable property in India by citizens of certain countries.
No person being a citizen of Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Afghanistan, China, Iran, Nepal or Bhutan without prior permission of the Reserve Bank shall acquire or transfer immovable property in India, other than lease, not exceeding five years.
GENERAL INFORMATION REGARDING REAL ESTATE:
- NRIs and PIOs may acquire any immovable property for residential/commercial purposes in India, other than agricultural/plantation/farm house, without the permission of Reserve Bank of India.
- No declaration is required to be made to the RBI. Only information regarding details of the property and costs incurred should be given to the RBI. This will help at the time of repatriation.
- No permission from the RBI is required to transfer any immovable property other than the agricultural land or plantation property or a farm house in India by way of sale to a person resident in India.
- The lock-in period of 3 years has been done away with.
- If property has been acquired through NRE account then repatriation is allowed only for 2 residential properties.
- NRI/PIO is permitted to transfer by way of mortgage his residential commercial property in India to an authorized dealer/housing finance institution in India.
- NRI/PIO can avail housing loan in rupees from an authorized dealer or housing finance institution in India approved by the National Housing Finance Bank for purchase of residential accommodation or for the purpose of repairs/renovation/improvement of residential accommodation, subject to certain terms and conditions.
- Sale proceeds of residential/commercial property received by way of gift by NRI/PIO can only be credited to NRO account.
- Sale proceeds of any immovable property in India inherited, by a person resident outside India (i.e. NRI or PIO or foreign national of non-Indian origin resident outside India), from a person resident outside India cannot be repatriated by him or his successor without prior permission of the RBI.
- NRI/PIO can rent out the residential/commercial property purchased out of foreign exchange/rupee funds.
- The purchase consideration should be met either out of inward remittances in foreign exchange through normal banking channels or out of funds from NRE/FCNR accounts maintained with banks in India.
- The non-resident Indians who are staying abroad may enter into an agreement through their relatives and/or by executing the Power of Attorney in their favour as it is not possible for them to be present for completing the formalities of purchase (negotiating with the builder or Developer, drafting and signing of agreements, taking possession, etc.) These formalities can be completed through some known person who can be given the Power of Attorney for this purpose. Power of Attorney should be executed on the stamp paper before the proper authorities in foreign countries. Power of Attorney cannot be drafted on the stamp paper bought in India.
- Residential property can be given on rent if not required for immediate residential use. Rental income cannot be remitted abroad and will have to be credited to the ordinary non-resident rupee account of the owner of the property.
Tax Rules for Nri Investment
- No taxes to be paid while purchasing property.
- Certain taxes to be paid when selling property. If NRI/PIO has held property for less than 3 years then he would have to pay 30% tax. If property has been held for more than 3 years then tax payable is 20%. Tax is payable on rental income too.
- At the time of renting out property or repatriation PAN card is required.
NRI FAQ (Frequently Asked Question in case of investment in India) Click Here